Hydroponic Horizons: The Basil Adventure
Year Level: Year 5
Learning Area: Cross-curricular (Science, Mathematics, Technology, English)
General Capabilities: Literacy, Numeracy, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability, Critical and Creative Thinking, Personal and Social Capability
Cross-curriculum Priorities: Sustainability
Resources: Deep Water Culture (DWC) hydroponics kit, basil seedlings, pH meter, light source (if indoors), measuring tape, digital camera or tablets for photographing progress, notebooks and pencils
Lesson Duration: 6 weeks (allowing time for plant growth)
- Students will understand the process and benefits of hydroponic growing.
- Students will learn to set up and manage a DWC hydroponic system.
- Students will apply the scientific method to monitor plant growth.
- Students will develop skills in data recording, analysis, and digital literacy.
Day 1: Introduction to Hydroponics
- Begin with a discussion on hydroponics: what it is, how it works, and its advantages.
- Show students the DWC hydroponics kit and explain its parts and functions.
Day 2: Planting Day
- Guide students to set up their DWC system and plant their basil seedlings.
Daily Monitoring and Data Collection
- Assign rotating roles to students: pH checkers, nutrient monitors, data recorders, and photographers.
- Daily tasks include checking pH and adjusting if necessary, ensuring nutrient solution level is adequate, recording observations (e.g., leaf size, color, root length, number of leaves), and photographing plant growth.
- Once a week, students will create a digital journal entry that includes their data, photographs, and reflections for that week.
Day 1-4: Final Observations and Data Analysis
- Students continue their monitoring roles.
- As a class, discuss patterns or trends in the data. Students will create a graph to represent their results.
Day 5: Conclusion and Reflection
- Harvest basil. Consider making a recipe that includes basil that can be shared by the class.
- Students will write a final report detailing their experiment process, results, and what they learned.
- Facilitate a class discussion on how hydroponics can contribute to sustainability and food security.
- Practical Application: Assessment of students’ ability to manage their DWC system and perform tasks accurately.
- Digital Journaling and Data Analysis: Evaluation of students’ observational records, data analysis, graphing abilities, and digital literacy skills.
- Group Work: Observation of students’ cooperation and participation in group activities.
- Final Report: Students’ understanding of hydroponics, the scientific method, and sustainability will be assessed through their final report.
By immersing students in the hands-on experience of hydroponic gardening, the “Hydroponic Horizons: The Basil Adventure” lesson plan not only imparts scientific and technological knowledge but also fosters creativity, collaboration, and a deeper appreciation for sustainable agriculture.